26. There is one God and Father of all

There is  . . . one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

Ephesians 4:6

“One God”

The Christian religion is entirely monotheistic. There is only one God, the Father.

Paul wrote:

For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords), yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live (1 Corinthians 8:5, 6).

Again, he wrote, “There is one God and one mediator between man and God, the man Christ Jesus” (1 Timothy 2:5).

Even those who believe in the Trinity recognize that no one can come to the conclusion that Christ is God, from the writings of Paul.

A well-known Trinitarian theologian, in his book The Doctrine of the Trinity, said, “He [Paul] never leaves the ground of Jewish monotheism . . . God is spoken of by the Apostle as not only the Father, but also the God of our Lord Jesus Christ”1

In fact, no Apostle could have had a different opinion than Paul, because they were all guided by the same spirit. The Bible is completely non-contradictory.

The confusion about Christ comes from the misunderstanding of a few passages in the Gospel of John, which refer to:

  • Christ’s previous role as “the only begotten God” in John 1:1, and 18; and
  • His role as “I AM,” the promised Messiah “HE WILL BE.”

Were it not for this confusion, there may not have ever been a Trinity doctrine.

“And Father of all”

Christ had a beginning.

God had no beginning; He is the Alpha and the Omega.

God was first called “Father” in Deuteronomy:

Do you thus deal with the Lord,
O foolish and unwise people?
Is He not your Father, who bought you?
Has He not made you and established you?

Deuteronomy 32:6

God is the “Father of all Spirits,”(Hebrews 12:9) including Christ.

Jesus described His Own “birth” from the Father: “I came forth (out) ἐξῆλθον ἐκ τοῦ from the Father and have come into the world” ( John 16:28).

This is the same expression we find in John 8:59: “but Jesus hid Himself and went out ἐξῆλθον ἐκ τοῦ of the temple.”

Who is above all, and through all, and in you all

Here we can really understand the difference between God and Christ.

God is certainly above all; He is above Christ, for “the head of Christ is God” (1 Corinthians 11:3). God is through all, because God is love. God rules in the kingdom of men; “the Most High rules in the kingdom of men” (Daniel 4:25).

Christ rules the Church as Lord, but He does not yet rule in the kingdom of men. But He will in the future (1 Corinthians 15:25). Christ is not “through all.” The Spirit of Christ only dwells where it may.

The most accurate text reads, God is “in all,” not “in you all.” God as the Father of all breathed the spirit of the breath of life into every creature, in Genesis 1:2. From the Book of Job, we understand that all creatures have a relationship with God, who cares for all creatures. But, in Genesis 6:3, God said “My spirit will not strive (abide) with man forever, for he is flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”

See also Job 34:14-15,

if He should set His heart on it,
If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath,
All flesh would perish together

The Apostle Paul described this beautifully in Acts 17:28, “in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, “For we are also His Children.”

When we think about God as the Father of all, who is above all, and through all and in all, we can understand that there really is only one true God, the Father.

  1. R. S. Franks, The Doctrine of the Trinity (Gerald Duckworth and Co., London, 1953), pp. 34–36.