The Word as the Helper in Targum Onkelos, and the Palestine Targum

JPS (Jewish Publication Society, Hebrew Old Testament)
ONK (Targum Onkelos)
PAL (Targum Palestine, a.k.a. Targum Jonathan, Targum Pseudo-Jonathan)

GENESIS 21:22

JPS         21:22     And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phicol the captain of his host spoke unto Abraham, saying: ‘God is with thee in all that thou doest.

ONK       21:22     And it was in that time that Abimelek and Phikol, chief of his host, spake to Abraham, saying, The Word of the Lord is thy Helper in everything thou doest;

PAL        21:22     And it was at that time that Abimelek and Phikol, chief of his host, spake to Abraham, saying, The Word of the Lord is in thine aid in all whatsoever thou doest.


GENESIS 26:3

JPS         26:3       Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father;

ONK       26:3       dwell in this land, and My Word shall be to thee for a helper; and I will bless thee. For to thee and to thy son will I give all these lands; and I will confirm the oath that I have sworn to Abraham thy father;

PAL        26:3       sojourn in the land, and My Word shall be for thy help, and I will bless thee; for to the end to thy sons will I give all these lands, and I will establish the covenant which I have covenanted with Abraham thy father.
                             

GENESIS 26:24

JPS         26:24     And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said: ‘I am the God of Abraham thy father. Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for My servant Abraham’s sake.’

ONK       26:24     and the Lord appeared to him in the night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father; fear not: for in thy help is My Word; and I will bless thee, and will multiply thy sons for the sake of Abraham My servant.

PAL        26:24     And the Lord appeared to him that night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not; for My Word is for thy help, and I will bless thee, and multiply thy sons for the righteousness’ sake of Abraham My servant.                             


GENESIS 26:28

JPS         26:28     And they said: ‘We saw plainly that the LORD was with thee; and we said: Let there now be an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee;

ONK       26:28     And they said, Seeing we have seen that the Word of the Lord is for thy help; and we have said, Let the oath which was between our fathers be now confirmed between us and thee, and let us enter into a covenant with thee,

PAL        26:28     And they answered, Seeing, we have seen, that the Word of the Lord is for thy help, and for thy righteousness’ sake all good hath been to us; but when thou wentest forth from our land the wells dried up, and our trees made no fruit; then we said, We will cause him to return to us. And now let there be an oath established between us, and kindnesses between us and thee, and we will enter into a covenant with thee, lest thou do us evil.

GENESIS 26:3

JPS         26:3       Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father;

ONK       26:3       dwell in this land, and My Word shall be to thee for a helper; and I will bless thee. For to thee and to thy son will I give all these lands; and I will confirm the oath that I have sworn to Abraham thy father;

PAL        26:3       sojourn in the land, and My Word shall be for thy help, and I will bless thee; for to the end to thy sons will I give all these lands, and I will establish the covenant which I have covenanted with Abraham thy father.
                             

GENESIS 26:24

JPS         26:24     And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said: ‘I am the God of Abraham thy father. Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for My servant Abraham’s sake.’

ONK       26:24     and the Lord appeared to him in the night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father; fear not: for in thy help is My Word; and I will bless thee, and will multiply thy sons for the sake of Abraham My servant.

PAL        26:24     And the Lord appeared to him that night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not; for My Word is for thy help, and I will bless thee, and multiply thy sons for the righteousness’ sake of Abraham My servant.


 GENESIS 26:28

JPS         26:28     And they said: ‘We saw plainly that the LORD was with thee; and we said: Let there now be an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee;

ONK       26:28     And they said, Seeing we have seen that the Word of the Lord is for thy help; and we have said, Let the oath which was between our fathers be now confirmed between us and thee, and let us enter into a covenant with thee,

PAL        26:28     And they answered, Seeing, we have seen, that the Word of the Lord is for thy help, and for thy righteousness’ sake all good hath been to us; but when thou wentest forth from our land the wells dried up, and our trees made no fruit; then we said, We will cause him to return to us. And now let there be an oath established between us, and kindnesses between us and thee, and we will enter into a covenant with thee, lest thou do us evil.


GENESIS 31:3

JPS         31:3       And the LORD said unto Jacob: ‘Return unto the land of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be with thee.’

ONK       31:3       And the Lord said to Jacob, Return to thy country and to thy native (place): and My Word shall be for thy help.

PAL        31:3       And the Lord said to Jakob, Return to the land of thy fathers, and to thy native place; and My Word shall be for thy help.


GENESIS 35:3

JPS         35:3       and let us arise, and go up to Beth-el; and I will make there an altar unto God, who answered me in the day of my distress, and was with me in the way which I went.’

ONK       35:3       and we will arise and go up to Bethel, and I will make there an altar unto Eloha,(171) who heard my prayer in the day of my distress, and whose Word was my helper in the way that I went.

PAL        35:3       And we will arise and go up to Bethel, and I will make there an altar unto Eloha, who heard my prayer in the day when I was afflicted, and whose Word was my helper in the way that I went.


GENESIS 39:2

JPS         39:2       And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.

ONK       39:2       And the Word of the Lord was the helper of Joseph, and he became a prosperous man, and was in the house of his Mizraite master.

PAL        39:2       And the Word of the Lord was Joseph’s Helper, and he became a prosperous man in the house of his Mizraite master.

                         

GENESIS 39:3

JPS         39:3       And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand.

ONK       39:3       And his master saw that the Word of the Lord was his helper, and that all that he did the Lord prospered in his hand.

PAL        39:3       And his master saw that the Word of the Lord was his Helper, and that the Lord prospered in his hand all that he did;

                             

GENESIS 39:21

JPS         39:21     But the LORD was with Joseph, and showed kindness unto him, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.

ONK       39:21     and he was there in the house of the bound. But the Word of the Lord was the helper of Joseph, and showed him mercy, and gave him favour in the eyes of the captain of the prison.

PAL        39:21     And the Word of the Lord was Joseph’s Helper, and extended mercy to him, and gave him favour in the eyes of the captain of the prison.

                             

GENESIS 39:23

JPS         39:23     The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing that was under his hand, because the LORD was with him; and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper.

ONK       39:23     The captain of the prison saw no fault in his hand, because the Word of the Lord was his helper, and that which he did the Lord made to prosper.

PAL        39:23     It was not needful for the captain of the prison to watch Joseph, after the custom of all prisoners, because he saw that there was no fault in his hands; for the Word of the Lord was his Helper, and that which he did the Lord made it to prosper.

GENESIS 48:21

JPS         48:21     And Israel said unto Joseph: ‘Behold, I die; but God will be with you, and bring you back unto the land of your fathers.

ONK       48:21     And Israel said to Joseph, Behold, I die; but the Word of the Lord will be your Helper, and restore you to the land of your fathers.

PAL        48:21     And Israel said to Joseph, Behold, my end cometh to die. But the Word of the Lord shall be your Helper, and restore you to the laud of your fathers;

GENESIS 49:25

JPS         49:25     Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee, And by the Almighty, who shall bless thee, With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that coucheth beneath, Blessings of the breasts, and of the womb.

ONK       49:25     The Word of the God of thy father shall be thy Helper, and the All-Sufficient shall bless thee, with the blessings of the dew that descends from the heavens above, with the blessings that spring from the depths of the earth beneath, with the blessings of thy father and of thy mother.

PAL        49:25     From the Word of the Lord shall be thy help; and He who is called the All-Sufficient shall bless thee with the blessings which descend with the dew of heaven from above, and with the good blessing of the fountains of the deep which ascend and clothe the herbage from beneath. The breasts are blessed at which thou wast suckled, and the womb in which thou didst lie.                                           

EXODUS 3:12

JPS         3:12       And He said: ‘Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be the token unto thee, that I have sent thee: when thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.’

ONK       3:12       And He said, Because My Word shall be thy helper: and this shall be the sign that I have sent thee: In thy leading forth of the people from Mizraim you shall do service before the Lord upon this mountain.

PAL        3:12       But He said, Therefore My Word shall be for thy help; and this shall be the sign to thee that I have sent thee: when thou hast brought the people forth from Mizraim, ye shall worship before the Lord, because ye shall have received the Law upon this mountain.