Zechariah 1:1-11

The Angel who spoke with me

1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of Yihvah came to Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying, 

Zech 1:1
In the eighth month of the second year of Darius – the King of Persia, in 520 BC.

Son of Berechiah, Son of Iddo – Jesus identified Zechariah when he said: “so that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.” (Matt 23:35). The Targum in Lamentations 2:20, states that Zechariah, the Son of Iddo, was killed in the Temple of the Lord.

7 On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Shebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of Yihvah came to Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying, 

Zech 1:7
on the 24th Day – the prophet is reintroduced here. This makes us believe these visions were pieced together to become “a book.” The vision of this day extends from Zechariah 1:7, to 6:15, and needs to be understood as one continuous revelation. The symbolism of this six chapter vision helps us understand of the Book of Revelation, beginning with the Angel of Yihvah on the horse, in Chapter 1, verse 8.

8 “I had a vision in the night, and, behold, a man riding on a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in a ravine; and behind him there were red, brown, and white horses. 9 Then I asked, ‘My lord, what are these?'” The angel who talked with me said to me, “I will show you what these are.” 

Zech 1:8-9
A man on a red horse – the man on the red horse is understood to be the Angel of Yihvah, by the phrase “standing among the myrtle trees,” which is repeated three times, in verses 8, 10, and 11. In verse 11, he is called “the Angel of Yihvah standing among the myrtle trees.” The man is an Angel. In Zechariah 2:1, the “man” with the measuring line is called the “Angel who spoke to me” in verse 3.


the Angel who talked (spoke) with me – the Angel “who spoke” (haddober) with Zechariah, is the Angel of Yihvah. This becomes very clear in verse 12, where the Angel of Yihvah prays to the invisible Yihvah.  In verse 13, we are told that Yihvah answered “the Angel who talked with me” with good and comforting words.

The Hebrew word “haddober” – who spoke, is only used 12 times in the Old Testament, and 11 of those times, to describe “the Angel who spoke with me,” (Zechariah 1:9,13,14; 2:3; 4:1,4,5; 5:2,10; 6:4) .The only other time this word was used was in Genesis 16:13, where the Bible described the first appearance of “the Angel of Yihvah,” who spoke to Hagar.

The mysterious identification of “the Angel who talked with me” is also in Revelation, where the Angel who spoke to John is always identified as the Angel of Yihvah.

behind Him were horses…. – these horses represent Spirits (see Zechariah 6:5), and the “man” on top of the horse, the Angel, is the “manifestation of the Spirit,” as a man.

red, sorrel and white – these colors are repeated in Zechariah 6:2-3. But Zechariah 6 adds “black” which are the Angels belonging to Satan, the Spirit of the Antichrist. The White horses will be those who “go after the Antichrist” in Zechariah 6:6, and Revelation 19:14. The red and sorrel “horses” – spirits, are patrols that go throughout the earth.

10 The man who stood among the myrtle trees answered, “They are the ones Yihvah has sent to go back and forth through the earth.” 11They reported to the angel of Yihvah who stood among the myrtle trees, and said, “We have walked back and forth through the earth, and, behold, all the earth is at rest and in peace.” 

Zech 1:10-11
we have patrolled the earth – these spirits are the “seven Spirits of God, and the Seven Angels” who are “the eyes of Yihvah which to throughout the whole earth” (Rev 5:6; Zech 4:10). Seven represents the complete number of spirits. These seven Spirits report to the Angel of Yihvah, as the Archangel, the ruling angel. Horses are spirits and the Riders are their Angels, or manifestations, throughout the Books of Zechariah and Revelation. For example, the four horses of Revelation and their Riders, and the Rider on the White horse, who is the manifestation of the Spirit of Christ as the Body of Christ.