In the Bible, God has many names, including El Shaddai, God Almighty, and I WILL BE/He WILL BE.
But the prophets tell us there is one name that will be shared by the Son, “He WILL save,” which in Greek, is Jesus.
Exodus 20:20-23 – My Name is in Him
The revelation that Joshua was the name of the invisible God is found in Exodus 23:20–23:
“Behold, I send an Angel before you to keep you in the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. Beware of Him and obey His voice; do not provoke Him, for He will not pardon your transgressions; for My name is in him. But if you indeed obey His voice and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. For My Angel will go before you and bring you in to the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites and the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will cut them off.”
Who led the Israelites into the Promised Land, to war against the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites and the Hivites and the Jebusites?
After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, it came to pass that the Lord spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ assistant, saying, “Moses My servant is dead. Now therefore, arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, to the land which I am giving to them—the children of Israel . . .”
So they answered Joshua, saying, “All that you command us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go. Just as we heeded Moses in all things, so we will heed you. Only the Lord your God be with you, as He was with Moses. Whoever rebels against your command and does not heed your words, in all that you command him, shall be put to death” (Joshua 1:1-2, 16-18).
The name of Joshua in Greek is Jesus. This name was actually created by Moses.
In Numbers 13:16, Moses changed the name of his successor to Yehoshua (Joshua) from Hoshea, meaning “Salvation.”
Moses added a “Yod” to Hosea להושע to create יהושע Yehoshua.
Yehoshua is an earlier form of the name Yeshua, which in Greek is “JESUS.”
The addition of a Yod, from YHVH, created the name: He WILL save.
It is no accident that Moses renamed His earthly successor, “Joshua” (Numbers 13:16) for his spiritual successor would also be named Joshua, in Greek “JESUS.” As the Apostle John said, “the Law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ” (John 1:17).
Justin Martyr told us that through this passage, God Himself secretly revealed His name as Jesus.1
God used the Angel of YHVH as a metaphor for Joshua, to tell the people that if they do not listen to Joshua their sin will not be pardoned. “The Angel” is the Spirit of Christ. Of course, the Spirit of Christ is the Holy Spirit who has been given the power to remit sins; see John 5:22, and 20:22–23.
God was also warning the Israelites that they must listen to Christ, or their sins would not be forgiven.
Zechariah 14:9 – The Name of the LORD will be one
And the LORD shall be King over all the earth;
In that day shall the LORD be One, and His name one.
In the LORD’s Day, the LORD who “shall be King over all the earth” will be the LORD God, as we read in Revelation 11:15: “The kingdom of this world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ.”
Christ will no longer be the Lord, but He “will hand the Kingdom over to God . . . that God may be all in all” (I Corinthians 15:24,28).
The LORD God is the First and the Last; He was the LORD in the Old Testament and will be again in the LORD’s Day.
Zechariah said, “it shall be the Lord one (echad),” meaning that invisible God and His image will again be as “one unit” as they were in the Old Testament.
Zechariah proved that the invisible God and His image really shared one name in the Old Testament. In Zechariah 1:12, we saw the Angel of YHVH, the YHVH of the Armies (Angels), praying to the invisible God, calling Him “YHVH of the Armies!”
But the one name of the Lord, in the LORD’s Day, will be the name of Jesus.
This is proved in Revelation 22. In verse 6, the Angel of God told us that God sent His Angel to John. Then in verse 13, the Angel spoke as God calling Himself “the first and the last” and finally, in verse 16, the Angel spoke for God again, saying, “I, Jesus, sent My Angel . . .”
Isaiah 9:6 – His name will be called Everlasting Father
This is perhaps one of the most controversial verses in the Bible. Almost every believer of God in the world has given it a different interpretation, to agree with their own theological position.
But, if we believe the doctrine of the New Testament, that there is only one God, the Father, and Jesus Christ was His only begotten Son, then this verse will have a very special meaning.
For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
In the Old Testament, that “one name” was “He WILL BE,” but in the New Testament, that
“one name” was Jesus. The Son was never called YHVH, “He WILL BE” in the New Testament because “He WILL BE” became “I AM,” when Christ became a man. This verse says that the Messiah’s name, the name of Jesus, will be called “Everlasting Father.”
This verse does not say Jesus Himself will be called the Everlasting Father. Jesus said, “Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven” (Matthew 23:9).
This verse says that the name of the Father will be Jesus.
The relationship between Matthew 28:19 and Isaiah 9:6 is apparent.
Matthew 28:19 reads: “Go therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Let us see how Isaiah connects the name of Jesus with the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
|Wonderful||In Chapter 6, we saw that the Angel of YHVH, the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Christ, revealed His name as “Wonderful.”|
|Counselor||Holy Spirit – the Spirit of Christ is our Counselor, our Advocate, see 1 John 2:1, and Romans 8:26.|
|Mighty God (El Gibbor)||God Almighty, El Shaddai, is the name of the Father. “I appeared as God Almighty,” (Exodus 6:3). “Mighty God,” is the name of “the Word, the Holy One of Israel,” from the Targum of Isaiah 10:20-21.|
|Everlasting Father||The name of Jesus would be the name of the Father.|
|Prince of Peace||Son – Ephesians 2:14
“For He Himself is our Peace”
Jesus is the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
In Chapter 21 (d), we will see that the early Church understood the name of Jesus as the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 63:16 – Our Redeemer from Everlasting is Your Name
Here, Isaiah gave us the name of the Father more precisely.
Doubtless You are our Father,
Though Abraham was ignorant of us,
And Israel does not acknowledge us.
You, O Lord, are our Father;
Our Redeemer from Everlasting is Your name.
The meaning of “our Redeemer from Everlasting” is “He WILL save,” Jesus.
- Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho, Chapter 75 ↩