Revelation 5

The Lamb is Worthy to open the scroll

1 I saw, in the right hand of him who sat on the throne, a book written within and on the back, sealed shut with seven seals. 

Rev 5:1
In the right hand of Him – this is more properly translated “on” or “at the right hand.”

seven seals – which shall be broken one by one. The number seven is throughout the Book of Revelation, and represents completeness: seven horns, seven eyes, seven churches, etc. God’s relationship with man on the earth is completed in seven thousand years, and God made seven days to complete a week. There are also seven communications of God and Christ that explain His plan of salvation; the first of these was “Let Us make man in Our image.”

The sixth seal, sixth trumpet and sixth bowl of wrath, all describe the battle of Armageddon that ends man’s existence. The seventh seal, trumpet, and bowl of wrath describe our resurrection to eternal rest, just as God also rested on the Sabbath. The relationship between seven thousand years of man, and the seventh Day, as representing the last thousand years, the Lord’s Day, is also described in the Epistle of Barnabas, written by the Gentiles in about 100 AD.

6 I saw in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth. 

Rev 5:6
seven horns and seven eyes which are the seven Spirits out God sent out into all the earth – the seven eyes are the seven spirits of God described in Zechariah 4:10. A horn generally symbolizes power; see 1 Samuel 2:1, Rev 13:1, etc. Seven means perfection, or completeness. The meaning, here, is the same as Rev 1:16;20: the Spirit of Christ, as the Ruler of the Angels, and the Son of Man, holds seven Angels in His right hand. Daniel 8:11-12; and Rev 12:7-10 prophesy that the Spirit of Christ became the “Captain of the captains” when He became our Lord [Prince and Captain are the same Hebrew word].  Therefore, the seven horns also represent complete authority over the Angels.

7 Then he came, and he took it out of the right hand of him who sat on the throne. 

Rev 5:7
He took the book out of the right hand – this scene really defeats any modalistic view of God and Christ. Here, we are after the Judgment Day, (Rev 5:13) and there are definitely two beings portrayed here. The Bible does not support the idea that Christ and God are the same person, or being.

Here God gives Christ the Revelation, as described in Revelation 1:1.

8 Now when he had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each one having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.

Rev 5:8
each holding a harp – meaning they have received the Spirit of truth, which will abide with us forever, and causes the tongue to emit sound when one prays. Paul compared speaking in tongues, to the sound of a harp in 1 Corinthians 14:7. They pray in the Holy Spirit on behalf of all the saints.

The prayers of the saints – which are still remembered after the Judgment Day.

11 I saw, and I heard a voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousands of ten thousands, and thousands of thousands; 

Rev 5:11
myriads – 10,000’s; this is from Daniel 7:10, which says “myriads and myriads standing before him” and “thousands and thousands attending to him.” The Catholic liturgy corrupted this to call the thousands of angels: “archangels.”

13 I heard every created thing which is in heaven, on the earth, under the earth, on the sea, and everything in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb be the blessing, the honor, the glory, and the dominion, forever and ever. Amen.”

Rev 5:13
every created thing in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth and on the sea – we can see the meaning of this as: all creatures, spiritual beings and men; the dead in hades, and the saved (on the sea).