Ezekiel 38

The Battle of Armageddon

This is the prophecy of the great battle of Armageddon. In verse 19, we read about the great earthquake described in Revelation 16:18. In verse 20, we learn that the mountains shall be thrown down, as described in Revelation 16:20.

Ezek 38:1-6
Gog – who is the leader of these forces, which include three of the seven sons of Japheth: Magog, Meschech, and Tubal. These are the three sons in Genesis 10:2. Gomer is also included in verse 6, along with Togarmah, a son of Gomer.  (The three sons of Japheth not included among these forces are Madai, Javan and Tiras. There is also Persia, Ethiopia and Libya mentioned in verse 5.)

In 70 AD, the Jewish Historian Josephus told us who these people are:

Now they were the grandchildren of Noah, in honor of whom names were imposed on the nations by those that first seized upon them. Japhet, the son of Noah, had seven sons: they inhabited so, that, beginning at the mountains Taurus and Amanus, they proceeded along Asia, as far as the river Tansis, and along Europe to Cadiz; and settling themselves on the lands which they light upon, which none had inhabited before, they called the nations by their own names. For Gomer founded those whom the Greeks now call Galatians, [Galls,] but were then called Gomerites. Magog founded those that from him were named Magogites, but who are by the Greeks called Scythians. Now as to Javan and Madai, the sons of Japhet; from Madai came the Madeans, who are called Medes, by the Greeks; but from Javan, Ionia, and all the Grecians, are derived. Thobel (Tubal) founded the Thobelites, who are now called Iberes; and the Mosocheni were founded by Mosoch (Meschech); now they are Cappadocians. 

Book 1, Chapter 6 of “Antiquities of the Jews.”

We’ll summarize Josephus’ explanation of the other three Sons of Japheth: Madai is the father of the Iranian people. Javan is the father of Ionia, in modern day Turkey and Greece. Tiras is the father of the Thracians, who are in the Balkans, north of Greece.



Of course, various scholars have arrived at different interpretations as to where these people eventually migrated and who they are. Gog Himself appears to be from approximately around Russia. Although many say the name “Rosh” has nothing to do with Russia.

How do we interpret these sons, and who are they? Certainly, Tubal is the father of the Latin people of the Iberian Peninsula., the three kings subdued by the beast, whom Irenaeus identified as Lateinos, the fourth Kingdom of Daniel. These are the people who conquered the Greek Empire of Javan. Magog, Gomer and Meschech seem to represent the people directly north of Israel.

Japheths Sons

Ezek 38:7-8
In the latter years – at the time of the end, as per Daniel 11:40.

brought out of the nations – Ezekiel prophesied the restoration of Israel, which occurred in 1948.

Ezek 38:9
coming like a storm – describing the irrational behavior of this leader who has been deceived by Satan, see Rev 16:14.

Ezek 38:10-14
to a peaceful people – in Isaiah 2:4, we read that in the last days the nations will beat their swords into plowshears. The final deception of Satan follows a long period of peace, and safety, as Paul mentions in 1 Thess 5:3.

Ezek 38:17
Are you he…? – this fulfillment of this prophecy is well expected by all.

Ezek 38:18-23
My fury will show in My face – called “the Great Day of their wrath” in Revelation 6:17.

a great earthquake –  the great earthquake described in Revelation 6:12; 16:18.

the mountains shall be thrown down – as described in Revelation 6:14, “every mountain was moved out of its place,” and in Revelation 16:20: “the mountains were not found.”

great hailstones – in Revelation 16:21, each hailstone is said to be about the weight of one talent, 60 to 100 pounds.