Seated on the throne – Revelation 4
the thirtieth year – no one is certain, but many speculate this date refers to the discovery of the book of the Law in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:8; 2 Chronicles 34:14)
The time is about 595 BC, just two or three years before Jerusalem was plundered by Babylon.
in the land of the Chaldeans – he was in Babylon. Little else is known about Ezekiel.
wind coming from the north – the attack against Jerusalem will be from the North. In the next few chapters, Ezekiel prophecies the attack of Jerusalem by Babylon.
four living beings with four faces and four wings – in Revelation 4:7, the four creatures will be four different creatures: man, a bull, a lion, and an eagle. Here they are all the same, each creature has “the face of a man” and the features of three animals.
wherever the Spirit was about to go – these four living creatures work with the Spirit, see v. 12, 20 and 21. This tells us the creatures are the saints, who follow the Spirit of Christ. They “follow the Lamb wherever He goes” (Rev 14:4).
the sound of many waters – the sound of the saints is like the voice of the Almighty. The sound of their wings is like the sound of many waters. The wings represent their power to fly, from Isaiah 40:31, “those who wait upon the Lord…shall mount up with wings as eagles.” The “sound of many waters” is the sound of the Holy Spirit, “the voice of the Almighty” in the sanctified Church. This expression also appears in Ezekiel 43:2, Daniel 10:6, Revelation 1:15, 19:6.
the likeness of a throne – Ezekiel uses the expression “likeness” and “appearance” several times in vs 26-38, to describe the “appearance” of God. John also uses the expression “appearance” when He sees the same vision in Revelation 4:3. The word “likeness” emphasizes that we are only seeing the image of God, who no one has seen at any time.
sapphire stone – or lapis lazula, a blue stone
likeness of a man – the Spirit of Christ appears as the image of the invisible God, which will be proved by the rainbow in verse 28 below.
colour of amber – described as jasper or sardius, “red” in Revelation 4:3, here we see the glowing metal, or fire. This is the picture of God as “a consuming fire” in Hebrews 12:29.
the appearance of a rainbow – which is over the head of the One on the throne in Revelation 4:3. This is the reminder of God’s covenant after the flood. The “rainbow” is over the head of the Spirit of Christ, the Angel in Revelation 10:1. This tells us the appearance of “God” in Ezekiel 1, was an appearance of the Spirit of Christ, as the image of the invisible God.
the likeness of the glory – only the “likeness,” for the glory of God can never be expressed by any image.