69 Weeks, 483 years until the Messiah Comes
The Angel Gabriel told Daniel that the Messiah will come after 69 weeks, 483 days or years. Then, the people of the Ruler to come (the Romans) would put an end to sacrifice and offering by crucifying Christ. The destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans is also prophesied here. There is a double meaning of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple that was explained by Christ in Luke 21:20-24: the trampling under foot of the New Jerusalem.
the man Gabriel – the Angel who shall also appear to Mary,
understand the vision – that follows:
seventy weeks – as compared to seventy years in Babylon
to finish the transgression – as compared to the punishment described in verses 1 to 20.
to make an end of sins – through putting Christ on the cross
to make a reconciliation for iniquity – through Christ’s death
to bring in everlasting righteousness – through the kingdom of God
to seal up vision and prophecy – to fulfill the Law and the Prophets through Christ
to anoint the most Holy – to anoint Christ. Generally the phrase “qodesh qodasheem” relates to the temple, but without the article, as here, can refer to a person, for example, 1Chronicles 23:13.
from the going forth of the command – in 457 BC. King Artaxerxes, in Ezra 4:21 commanded that the City and walls (vs.16) could not be built “until a decree is issued by me.” The decree is found in Ezra 7:1-25, which is the fifth month, and seventh year of the king as noted in Ezra 4:8, being 457 BC.
until the Messiah – literally “the anointed”
the Prince – here the word “Prince” means “ruler,” as it does in verse 26, referring to “the ruler of the people to come.” From this passage, we can see that the Jews expected the Messiah to be a “ruler” that combated “the ruler” of the Romans.
there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks – for a total of 69 weeks, 483 days, or years, from 457 BC to 30 AD.
the street shall be built again and the wall – the command does not relate to the restoration of the temple, but the street and the wall, see Ezra 4:16-21
after the sixty-two weeks – this is actually after 7 + 62 weeks,
the Messiah will be cutoff – this actually occurs in the “middle of the next week” as we will see in verse 27
the people of the Prince to come – these people are the Romans. Jesus said “the ruler of this world is coming,” when He was about to be crucified (John 14:30). He was referring to the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy of His crucifixion.
shall destroy the City – there is a double meaning to “City” here. The “people of the ruler to come” destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 70 AD, when the Romans surrounded Jerusalem. However, when Jesus describes the City of Jerusalem that is surrounded by “armies” in Luke 21:20-24, He also refers to the spiritual City of New Jerusalem, which is clear in Luke 21:24, “Jerusalem shall be trampled until foot until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” – see Revelation 11:2, “they shall trample the Holy City underfoot for 42 months.”
and the sanctuary – literally “the holy” קֹ֫דֶשׁ (kodesh). This word also appears in verse 27, but was corrupted to “wing.” There is also a double meaning here. Jesus introduced this prophecy in Matthew 24:2: “not one stone shall be left upon another.” The “holy” also refers to Christ’s Church, as mentioned in Daniel 8:11, “the place of his sanctuary was cast down.” This was the setting up of the abomination of desolation.
the end of it shall be with a flood – that is the end of the sanctified Church, the “holy.” Here, we refer to the flood described in Revelation 12:15, which is the persecution of the kingdom of heaven, by the Romans, that lasted until 313 AD, culminating with “the Great Persecution.”
And til the end of the war desolations are determined – until the truth is fully restored, those believers outside of the sanctified Church will be desolate of the Holy Spirit. This spiritual war is described in Revelation 12:17, “the dragon went out to make war with those who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus.”
This verse has been faithfully translated from the Masoretic text of 1300 AD by the NKJV and NASB, but there is an obvious error in that text. The word “wing” should actually be “holy” as we find in the Greek Septuagint in the 4th Century, in the words of Christ in Matthew 24:15, and Theodotion’s Greek translation of 200 BC.
The NIV is decidedly most accurate, which we shall follow to explain this verse.
He will confirm a covenant with many – in fact, Satan without realizing it, established the New Covenant when he crucified Christ.
In the middle of the week he will put an end to sacrifice and offering – the Messiah began His mission, in 30 AD, after 62 weeks, then in the middle of the next week, ie 7 year period, He was crucified, and put an end to the daily offerings, and the sacrifice. The word used here is not “hattamid” as in Daniel 8,11, and 12. Rather, the word used in Daniel 9:27, is “zebah uminhah” and refers to the normal grain offering, which ceased for the saints, when the New Covenant was established.
At the temple (holy place) he will set up abomination that causes desolation – here the word is actually “holy” קֹדֶשׁ (qodesh). This is the verse quoted by Christ in Matthew 24:15: “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, ‘standing in the holy place.’ This is the work of the Antichrist, who “cast his sanctuary to the ground” as described in Daniel 8:11, when he exalted himself as high as “the Captain of the Armies” – as high as Christ.
until the end that is decreed is poured out on him – that is the end described in Daniel 7:26, and prefigured in Daniel 6:26, “God has numbered your kingdom and finished it.”