The Ancient of Days
I watched til thrones were put in place – these will be explained in Dan 7:26, and Rev 20:4. These are the thrones of the Martyrs who judge Babylon. They speak for the truth by their blood. At this point, the thrones are only being “put in place.” The martyrs have yet to sit on them, which occurs in verse 10, “the court was seated.” These thrones are being set up as the martyrs are killed, and so this prophecy begins with the Roman persecution of the saints.
the Ancient of Days – this is Christ as the image of the invisible God, as revealed in Rev 1:14.
His garment as white as snow – see Rev 1:14, “as white as snow.”
hair…like pure wool – see Rev 1:14, “his head and hair a pure wool” this imagery repeated in Revelation tells us that the Spirit of Christ was the “image of the invisible God” in Daniel
His throne a fiery flame – see Ezekiel 1:27, the appearance of God on His throne.
Its wheels a burning fire – the wheels of the living creatures around the throne in Ezekiel 1:16-21. For God is “a consuming fire,” see Hebrews 12:29.
A fiery stream issued and came forth from before Him – this of course, is the Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit, “that proceeds from the Father” (John 15:26). Clearly, the Spirit of God is portrayed here as coming from the Father, and not as a separate “person.” The Spirit of God is likened to fire throughout the Bible, eg. Matthew 3:11, Acts 2:3, Hebrews 12:29, Revelation 8:8; 16:8.
In this passage of Daniel 7:10-13, we see the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, after the Day of Pentecost.
Ten thousand times ten thousand – these are described in Rev 5:11, as the number of angels before Him.
the court (judgment) was seated and the books were opened – this is not the judgment day we find in Rev 20:15, for “the Father has committed all judgment to the Son” (John 5:27). This is the judgment of Babylon, we find by the martyrs, in Revelation 20, and by the Sanctified Church in Revelation 19 (cf Isaiah 28:10), and by the scrolls opened by the Lamb in Revelation 5.
Dan 7:11, 12
I watched because of the sound of the pompous words – the false doctrines and blasphemies spoken through the Bishop of Rome, which we will discuss in Revelation 13.
I watched til the beast was slain and its body burned – described in Rev 19:20
as for the rest of the beasts…there lives were prolonged for a season and a time – the official Jewish Bible, JPS Tanakh 1917, also translates this as “a season and a time,” to describe the lifespan of the Babylon, Greek, and Roman Empires, from the first year of King Belshazzer (555 BC). We know that a “time” is one year, from “time, times and half a time” – (1 + 2 +1/2). We can add, “a time” (1 year), and “a season” (3 months), to get 15 months. Using the day-year rule of Daniel and Revelation, we get 15 X 365.25/12 = 457 years. This brings us to 98 BC. The Greek empire fell gradually between 168 BC and 31 BC, as the Romans defeated Greek states.
I watched in the night visions – later in the night again, signifying a later period in time.
one like the Son of Man – who is Christ, see Rev 1:13
coming on the clouds of heaven – see Rev 1:7, Zech 12:10; Matt 24:30
He came to the Ancient of Days – here we have the scene of Revelation 1. The LORD’s Day, when Christ comes toward God.
then to Him was given dominion – this is the LORD’s Day, when God will become the LORD over all the earth, Zechariah 14:9; Revelation 1:10. The “Him” in this verse refers to God, and not Christ, as shown in verse 27. This account is also described in 1 Corinthians 15:24.
an everlasting dominion – being the Kingdom of God