Daniel 10

A Vision of the Archangel WHO IS LIKE GOD (Michael)

In this Chapter, Daniel saw a vision of the Angel of the Spirit of Christ in the LORD’s Day, the Archangel WHO IS LIKE GOD (Michael). Michael is the English transliteration of the Hebrew expression מִיכָאֵל, WHO IS LIKE GOD: “the image of the invisible God” (Col 1:15, Heb 1:3).

Dan 10:1
the appointed time was long – this interpretation of this vision spans from Chapter 10 to Chapter 12:4. When the explanation of the vision is completed WHO IS LIKE GOD (Michael), the Angel of YHVH, and Captain of the Armies of Israel, “stands up” in the LORD’s Day to call all to judgment.

he understood the message – Daniel will finally understand the message after the Angel’s very long explanation.

and had understanding of the vision – Daniel understands that the vision he saw was WHO IS LIKE GOD, the Captain of the Angels of Israel, who stands up on the Lord’s Day.

Dan 10:2-3
mourning three full weeks – to understand the vision, and its meaning.

Dan 10:4
the Tigris – Daniel stands by this great river to see the vision, and in Dan 12:7, he will see the Angel WHO IS LIKE GOD, “above the water of the river” speaking.

Dan 10:5-6
clothed in linen… – Daniel sees the Angel of the Spirit of Christ, as He appears in the LORD’s Day. We can refer to Revelation 1:13-15

Rev 1:13-15 NASB
and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.

Let us compare the description of Dan 10:5-6 to Rev 1:13-15. Keep in mind that John in Revelation is not trying to copy Daniel, rather he just describes what he sees from his own perspective. The description is very similar but not exact. There may also be slight differences in the interpretation of these two old languages: of Greek and Hebrew.

Daniel                   Revelation

a certain man – “one like a son of man”
clothed in linen – “clothed in a robe reaching to the feet”
waist girded with gold – “girded across the chest with a golden sash”
body was like beryl – this is uncertain, but maybe a yellow jasper colour; John wrote: “His arms and His feet were like a burnished bronze”
his face like lightning – “His face was like the sun shining in its strength.” Lightning may have also been translated “gleaming” as in Nahum 3:3,  Hab 3:11.
his eyes like torches of fire – “His eyes were like a flame of fire”
like the voice of a multitude – “voice was like the sound of many waters” – see also Ezek 1:24; 43:2

Of course, in Revelation 1:15, we also see the Spirit of Christ as the Archangel, holding seven stars (angels) in His hand (Rev 1:20).

Dan 10:7
they fled to hide themselves – we are on the side of the great river Tigris, and there may be many others who were there.

Dan 10:8-9
while I heard the sound of His words – the words like the voice of great multitude, the voice of His Church in the LORD’s Day, for the Spirit of Christ is the body of Christ, see Ezek 43:2-5

Dan 10:10-11
a hand touched me – an Angel came with real physical form to interpret the vision.

Dan 10:12
from the first day – see also Dan 9:23: “at the beginning of your supplications.” Another proof that God hears us immediately when we pray, even though we may not receive the answer immediately.

Dan 10:13
the prince – as we mentioned in Chapter 8, the Hebrew word “sar” [שַׂר־] should be translated “Captain” throughout the Book of Daniel.

of Persia – this is the Captain of the Angels of Persia.

withstood me 21 days – it appears from Dan 10:2, that Daniel remained by the riverside for 21 days, waiting for the answer to the vision.

Michael – Michael is the English transliteration of the Hebrew expression מִיכָאֵל, WHO IS LIKE GOD.

one of the chief captains – there was no Archangel in the Old Testament. Archangel means “Ruler of the Angels” or Ruling Angel. The Spirit of Christ, became the ruler of the Angels when Christ was made Lord, after His resurrection. See Rev 12:10 – “the power of His Christ have come.” In Rev 12, we will see that “Michael” takes control of all the Angels, casting Satan and his demons out of heaven.

Dan 10:14
the vision refers to many days yet to come – it goes from the time of Daniel to the LORD’s Day, and is the longest prophesy in the Bible.

Dan 10:15-19
you have strengthened me – Daniel is overwhelmed, it appears that he has not eaten for 3 weeks.

Dan 10:20
the Prince of Greece – this Angel will need to fight with the Captain of the Angels of Greece, after fighting with the Captain of the Angels of Persia. Greece will be the next of “the transgressors” against the saints.

Dan 10:21
I will tell you what is noted in the Scripture of truth – the account of the Antichrist to come, and account of the judgment and resurrection on the LORD’s Day.

except Michael your prince – which should read “your captain,” the Captain of the armies of YHVH. Here, the Angel identifies Michael, WHO IS LIKE GOD, as the name of the Angel of YHVH, the Captain of Armies of Israel, who appeared to Joshua.

In Chapter 8, we first met the Captain of the Host, (Dan 8:11). He was the Captain of the armies of Israel, and the pre-existent Christ, who appeared to Joshua, in Joshua 5:14. He became the “Captains of Captains” (Dan 8:25) – the Archangel, after Christ was made our Lord.