- 1 The Understanding of Believers before 381 AD
- 2 The Apostles described Christ as the Holy Spirit of the Old Testament
- 3 Masculine pronouns distinguished God as the Spirit of YHVH
- 4 There is no third person
- 5 The Spirit of Christ was called “the Spirit” after the Day of Pentecost
- 6 The Spirit of God is the Pentecostal Holy Spirit
The Understanding of Believers before 381 AD
Explaining the Holy Spirit that came on Mary in Luke 1:35, Justin Martyr, in 150 AD, wrote: “It is wrong, therefore, to understand the Spirit and the power of God as anything else than the Word, who is also the first-born of God” (First Apology, Chapter 33).
In his book, “Early Christian Doctrines,” the Trinitarian Theologian J.N.D. Kelly said this was the “all but unanimous” interpretation of Luke 1:35, before the Nicene Creed of 325 AD. All believers understood that the Spirit of Christ was the Word in the Old Testament, and that the Spirit of God was the Holy Spirit, that Christ poured out on the Day of Pentecost.
After the Nicene creed, Trinitarian philosophers created a model of God that said the Spirit of Christ, and the Spirit of God, were the same Holy Spirit, who was a third person in the Bible.
But this was a great blasphemy (Revelation 13:5).
The Spirit of Christ was the firstborn Spirit, who became as much better than the Angels, when He became the first Son of God (Hebrews 1:4-5).
The Apostles described Christ as the Holy Spirit of the Old Testament
Paul described Christ as the Holy Spirit of the Old Testament, saying: “all drank the same spiritual drink…all were baptized into Moses …in the sea…and all were drinking from a spiritual rock…and the rock was Christ” (1 Corinthians 10:3-4).
Peter said the Spirit of Christ, was the Spirit, who spoke through the prophets (1 Peter 1:11), as described in Zechariah 7:12.
Yes, they made their hearts like flint, refusing to hear the law and the things which YHVH of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets.
In Zechariah 12:10, the Spirit of Christ, the Word, said He would pour out the Spirit of grace:
I will pour out on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace, then they will look upon Me who they pierced.
(cf. Acts 2:33)
Masculine pronouns distinguished God as the Spirit of YHVH
In the Old Testament, the Spirit of Christ was called the Spirit of ELOHIM. The Spirit of ELOHIM was always described using feminine pronouns and adjectives.
Job 33:4, reads “the Spirit of EL, SHE-made-me.”
The anointing of the Spirit of God on Christ, prophesied in Isaiah 11:2, also used a feminine adjective.
But, God Himself, was always called the Spirit of YHVH, and was only described with masculine adjectives and pronouns.
2 Samuel 23:2 reads:
The Spirit of YHVH, HE-spoke in me, and His Word was on my tongue.
And Isaiah 40:13 says:
Who has directed the Spirit of YHVH, to counsel-HIM, inform-HIM?
In 1 Corinthians 2, the Apostle Paul told us that the Spirit of YHVH in this verse was God Himself, and Paul compared the mind of God to the mind of Christ, and the Spirit of God to the spirit of a person.
There is no third person
Paul told us that every person, like God, has a spirit. But of course, their spirit is not another person. For this reason, the three-person Trinity was rejected by the Churches of Asia, in the Confession of Chalcedon in 451 AD. The Eastern churches understood Paul’s message, and they knew that all the “He” references to the Holy Spirit, in the New Testament, were only a function of the Greek grammar.
Today, Trinitarian theologians who understand the Greek language, will admit there is no evidence in the Bible, of a third person called “the Holy Spirit.”
The Spirit of God that “proceeds from the Father” (John 15:26), could not be described better than in Daniel 7:10, where we see “a river of fire flowing and coming out before” the Ancient of Days. From here, the Spirit of God was described as a “river” and as “fire” throughout the New Testament. The Spirit of God is clearly not “another person.” Daniel 7:10-13 is probably the only Old Testament passage that shows us the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, after the Day of Pentecost.
The Spirit of Christ was called “the Spirit” after the Day of Pentecost
The expression “Holy Spirit” appears 92 times in the New Testament. After the Day of Pentecost, this expression only refers to the Spirit of God.
After the Day of Pentecost, the Spirit of Christ was called “the Spirit.”
Paul said: “the Lord is the Spirit,” (2 Corinthians 3:17) and John wrote: “hear what the Spirit says to the Churches,” in Revelation 2 and 3, to describe the Spirit of Christ who was speaking.
In John 14:2, Jesus explained Himself as the Spirit who makes the house of God:
“in My Father’s house are many dwelling places…I go to prepare a place for you”…
Therefore, in Ephesians, Paul equated Jesus to the Spirit, saying:
A holy temple in the Lord
A dwelling place of God in the Spirit.
In John 15:5, Jesus described Himself as the vine: “he who abides in Me bears much fruit.”
So, Paul wrote: “the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace…” (Galatians 5:22-23).
The Spirit of God is the Pentecostal Holy Spirit
Jesus described the Spirit of God as the sanctifying Spirit, saying, “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser…every branch that bears fruit, He prunes that it may bear more fruit.” (John 15:1-2).
Jesus said the Spirit of God would remind the disciples of His words:
“when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.” (John 16:13)
In the New Testament, Christ was made the Lord. But in the Old Testament, God was the Lord, and the Spirit of Christ was the speaker for God.