The Image of the Invisible God – Christ, the one who was seen by Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Seen as an Angel by Moses at the burning bush. He appeared sometimes as a man, sometimes as an Angel, etc.
The Word – the speaker for the invisible God throughout the Old Testament, who spoke to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and Moses when He appeared to them. The Targum of Isaiah, written in 30 BC, by Jonathan Ben Uzziel, used this expression for the Spirit of Christ in the Old Testament, and the Messiah. The Apostle John carried it forward into his gospel.
The one true God – the invisible God, the Father.
The only begotten 1 God – Christ was “the firstborn of all creation,” “the beginning of the creation of God.” He was not the one true God, but considered Himself as any “Son of God,” being subject to the Father (John 5:19; 8:28; 10:34).
ELOHIM – masculine plural of El, the speaker for the invisible God. Moses became “ELOHIM to Pharaoh,” speaker for the invisible God, when he spoke God’s words to Pharaoh.
The correct understanding is that Christ as “the Word” is speaking, but the true speaker is the invisible God. The invisible God is one with His image, Jesus Christ. “Hear O Israel, YHVH our ELOHIM, YHVH, is one.”
YHVH ELOHIM – the name God gave Christ, His Image, in Exodus 3:15, the same meaning as ELOHIM, but with the description YHVH, being “the Name” of ELOHIM.
YHVH – meaning “He WILL BE” – the short form of YHVH ELOHIM, and the shared name of Christ and God.
I WILL BE, or EHYEH – the first person form of YHVH, He WILL BE.
The Spirit of ELOHIM – the Spirit of Christ in the Old Testament.
The Holy Spirit – the Spirit of Christ was the Word, the Holy Spirit of the Old Covenant, who brought the Law, and was manifest in the flesh in the man Jesus Christ. The Spirit of God is the Holy Spirit of the New Covenant, the Spirit of grace, first received by Christ in His baptism, and later poured out on the Day of Pentecost. After the Day of Pentecost, the Spirit of Christ was called “the Spirit” by the Apostles.
The Lord – in the Old Testament, “the Lord” was God. After Christ resurrected, He became “the Lord.” On “the Lord’s Day” God will become the Lord once again.
My Spirit and Your Spirit – because God Himself is Spirit, the expression “My Spirit” can refer to His Own Spirit or to a Spirit that God sends out.
- From Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, monogenesis (only begotten) is only found in Greek literature, as used for “sons or daughters” (viewed in relation to their parents), Hesiod Theog. 426, 448; Herodotus 7, 221; Plato, Critias 113 d.; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 13, 1; 2, 7, 4; and throughout the Bible. ↩