The Cry of the Martyrs, the Fifth Seal
You will notice that all six seals are physical attacks on human life, in contrast, with the spiritual attacks that begin the seven trumpets and bowls of wrath. The first four seals are attacks on life through famine, pestilence, war and beasts, and the fifth seal is an attack on human life through religion.
I saw the souls – the souls of the Martyrs resurrect and reign with Christ for 1,000 years, Rev 20:4 (1471 – 2471 AD). So, in the fifth seal, we are definitely in the post 1500 AD period.
who had been slain because of the word of God and their testimony – there actually is no word “martyr” in the Bible. The word “martus,” which means “witness,” was transformed into the word “martyr.” These are those who “overcame by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony, and did not love their lives even when faced with death” (Revelation 12:11), Here, we see the connection between “testimony” and “witness.”
how long…will You refrain from judging – the “hour” of God’s judgment is described in Revelation 14:7. So it can be said that we are now in the Post Reformation Period, but before our current day.
given a white robe – their robes are white because they are cleansed “of the blood of the Lamb” (Revelation 7:14).
The martyrs have no body, to wear a “robe.” Therefore, the robe is symbolic. The first resurrection is only for the “souls” of the Martyrs. In the last resurrection, we will all resurrect, and the bodies of the Martyrs will also be resurrected; and “we will all be changed” (1 Cor 15:51). Then, our corruptible bodies will be exchanged for incorruptible bodies. Therefore, in Revelation 6:9, and 20:4, John told us that he only saw “the souls” of the martyrs, because their bodies had not yet resurrected.
that they should rest a while longer – until the Lord’s Day, when the suffering of the saints comes to an end.