Revelation 22

The Tree of Life

Rev 22:1-2
Then He showed me a river of life – the Spirit of Christ, the Angel, is also the “One” who showed Ezekiel the “River of Life” in Ezekiel 47.

the tree of life – of which God said “lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and live forever” (Genesis 3:22). In Chapter 21, the words “It is done” signify the completion of God’s plan to make man in His image, from Genesis 1:26. Man is granted the right to live forever.

Rev 22:3
there shall be no more curse – referring to man’s punishment, when God cursed the ground in Genesis 3:18

His bond servants shall serve Him – they shall serve God. Christ was the first “bond-servant” of God, see Philippians 2:7. Paul and James called themselves bond-servants of God, but also the expression bond-servant of Christ was used throughout the New Testament, as Christ was the Lord. Here, in the Book of Revelation, after the LORD’s Day, this expression is only used for God and not Christ, see Rev 7:3, 11:18, 22:3 and 6. Christ is our “fellow servant” after the LORD’s Day, see Rev 19:10, and 22:9.

Rev 22:4
they will see His face – God’s face, who was Christ, as explained in Genesis 4:14, when Cain said “from Your face I will be hidden.” The word “face” and “presence” in Genesis 4:16 are the same Hebrew word. Seeing Christ “as God” in the Lord’s Day, is also related by Titus 2:13. Christ is the image of the invisible God.

His name will be on their foreheads – the name of God, see also Rev 3:12, and 14:1.

Rev 22:5
no longer any night – as mentioned in Rev 21:21-25

Rev 22:6
these words are faithful and true – repeating the words of the Archangel from the throne in Rev 21:5

sent His Angel – as described in Rev 1:1, it is God’s Angel, the Angel of YHVH who guides John throughout this Book.

Rev 22:7
I am coming quickly – here the Angel reveals that He is the same Angel, the Spirit of Christ, who has been guiding John. In Chapter 22, as in Chapter 1, the Spirit of Christ, the Angel speaks “as God” and “as the man Jesus Christ” and as “the Angel,” changing identity from phrase to phrase.

Blessed is he who heeds the words of the prophecy – this is what John told us in Rev 1:3

Rev 22:8
And when I heard and saw I fell down to worship – John explains why he worshiped this Angel, because He spoke as Christ

Rev 22:9
I am your fellow servant – as mentioned in verse 3, after the Lord’s Day, when Christ submits to God that God may be all in all, Christ will be our fellow servant of God

and of your brethren  – as Christ mentioned in Rev 19:10,

the prophets – Jesus Christ was also called “a prophet” by Moses, as mentioned in Acts 3:22

of those who heed the words of this Book – as written in Rev 1:3, those who obey the truth

Rev 22:10-11
do not seal up the words of this prophecy – God’s instruction not to be silent about the message of Revelation.

Rev 22:12
behold I am coming quickly – Christ repeats His message of verse 7,

My reward is with Me – see 1 Corinthians 3:10-15

Rev 22:13
I am the Alpha and Omega – here the Spirit of Christ, as the Word, speaks as God again, giving us no doubt that the Spirit of Christ also spoke as God in Rev 1:8, saying: “I am the Alpha and the Omega”

Rev 22:14-15
Blessed are those who wash their robes – A reminder that the Kingdom of Heaven is a holy place, and only those who abstain from sin may enter

Rev 22:16
I, Jesus, have sent My Angel – in verse 6, we were clearly told that God sent His Angel. Here, God calls Himself Jesus, in the most direct fashion of the Bible, demonstrating the fulfillment of Zechariah 14:9: “In that Day it shall be the LORD one and His name one.” In the Old Testament, the invisible God and the Spirit of Christ shared the name of YHVH, and in the LORD’s Day, the one name of God is Jesus.

I am the root and descendant of David – the Spirit of Christ, joyfully announces He was the first of Israel to inherit salvation

I am the bright and morning star – the Spirit of Christ exclaims His final victory over the Spirit of the Antichrist, who was the Morning star, and the Ruler of this World (Isaiah 14:12), defeated by Christ on the cross, and now finally defeated once and for all. For Satan has been cast into the lake of fire.

Rev 22:17
The Spirit and the Bride say come – some translations choose to put some words in red as spoken by Christ and some as not. There are no quotation marks in the Greek. All of the words that follow “and he said to me” in verse 10, are spoken by the Spirit of Christ. However, the Spirit of Christ spoke from many different manifestations: as the Son of Man, and as the Angel, as the Word, the speaker for the invisible God. In verse 17, the Spirit of Christ speaks as the Spirit of the Body of Christ, the Bride, (the Rider on the White Horse), to say “Come.”

drink of the water without cost – eternal life is the free gift of God

Rev 22:18-19
if anyone adds to them – a strict warning that concludes the New Testament, not to change this Revelation of God, for it is the Revelation of God Himself.

Rev 22:20
He who testifies to these things – the Spirit of Christ, the faithful witness (Rev 1:5).

I am coming quickly – the third reminder in this Chapter, and Christ’s final warning to be ready for His return.