A New Heaven and a New Earth
A New Heaven and a new earth – after the judgment Day, described in Revelation 20, we shall enter the new heaven and new earth, prophesied by Isaiah:
“For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;
And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.
But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing,
And her people a joy.
I will rejoice in Jerusalem,
And joy in My people;
The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her,
Nor the voice of crying.
“No more shall an infant from there live but a few days,
Nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days;
For the child shall die one hundred years old,
But the sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed.
..The wolf and the lamb shall feed together,
The lion shall eat straw like the ox.”
no longer sea – the meaning of “sea” from Rev 20:13, etc, is salvation. There is no longer a need for salvation after the judgment Day.
the holy City, new Jerusalem – to be described in verses 10-27
a loud voice from the throne – the voice of the Archangel, the Spirit of Christ, who speaks for the invisible God in verse 5. See also Rev 19:5, 10.
the tabernacle of God is among men – this describes the dual nature of New Jerusalem, in heaven and earth, the holy City and the kingdom of God that began on earth. See also Rev 7:15.
He will wipe away every tear – see also Rev 7:17.
And He who sits on the throne – see also Rev 4:2, 5:1, the Spirit of Christ, again, appears as the image of the invisible God on the throne.
Write, for these words are faithful and true – the Spirit of Christ, speaking as the Archangel, again asks John to “write.” See Rev 19:9 “Write…these are the true words of God.”
It is done – also the words of the Archangel in Rev 16:17. God’s salvation plan is complete, the plan to conform man to the image of His Son (Romans 8:29); the plan that God expressed in the beginning of creation: “Let Us make man in Our image,” (Genesis 1:26); “when we see Him, we shall be like Him,” (1 John 3:2; 1 Corinthians 13:12).
I am the Alpha and the Omega – the Spirit of Christ begins to speak as the Word, (Isaiah 44:6), speaking as God, and promises the water of life, which we see in Rev 22:1
he who overcomes – just as Christ overcame, see Rev 3:21, we will also become a Son of God. Christ, the Male Child, was the firstborn from the dead
I will be His God – there is only one God, the Father (1 Cor 8:6; Eph 4:6)
he will be My Son – like Christ who became the first Son, when He resurrected (Acts 13:33)
cowardly – or timid, fearful. The sin of cowardice is first mentioned here. John told us that “perfect love casts out fear” (1 John 4:18). Those who are victorious, are those who do not love their own lives, even to the death (Rev 12:11, John 12:25).
one of the Angels with the seven bowls of wrath – the description is the same as Rev 17:1. This time, we are certain the Angel is the Spirit of Christ, because He speaks as Christ in Rev 22:7. As mentioned in Rev 16:17, it should likely be the seventh Angel, whose bowl was poured on the air and sounded a loud voice saying “It is done.”
Come, here, and I will show you the Lord’s wife… – the Angel of God continues to guide John, now to see the Lord’s wife, the sanctified Church, who was the bride of Christ, and is the now the wife of Christ; after purifying herself to become as a pure and spotless bride (Ephesians 5:27). See also Revelation 19:7.
carried me away in the Spirit – as in Rev 1:10, 4:2; Ezekiel 11:1 etc.
a high mountain – the Sanctified Church as a mountain, see Isaiah 2:2, Micah 4:1-2, etc.
the holy City – described in Rev 11:2, 12:1, and 14:20
having the glory of God – this is the Church. It is the Spirit of Christ as the body of Christ, see Isaiah 6:3, John 1:14
crystal clear Jasper – a red colour, and the clearness must signify the washing of the Church by the blood of Christ.
twelve gates and twelve angels – these are the twelve stars in Rev 12:1. They have the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, see the eleven stars seen by Joseph in his dream of Genesis 37:9.
twelve foundation stones – the Church is built on the foundation of the Apostles, Eph 2:20
the one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod – this is our first clue that the Angel speaking with John is the Spirit of Christ. The measuring rod was first seen in Ezekiel 40:3. The man of bronze, (Christ, Daniel 10:6), who was called YHVH in Ezekiel 44:2 and 5, and set the measurements of the Church with the Gospel. See also Rev 11:1.
as a square – all sides are equal, there is neither male nor female, Greek nor Jew
fifteen hundred miles square – more than 3 times the size of Russia. The Greek word used is “stadia” from which we get “stadium.” It is 1/8 of a mile. Literally 12,000 stadia, or 1,500 miles.
seventy two yards thick – literally, 144 cubits. A cubit is the length of a forearm, about 18 inches, giving us 72 yards. The walls of Ancient Babylon were 300 feet high, 25 feet thick with another wall 75 feet behind the first wall.
jasper walls – see Rev 21:11, the first layer of the foundation is also jasper. Presumably the first layer of the foundation of the house, is the only layer visible to the eye, as covered by the blood of Christ, red as jasper.
precious stone – which are the good works of the saints, see 1 Cor 3:12. On these stones are the names of the Apostles, these are listed according to the shade of colour.
twelve pearls – the kingdom of heaven is called the pearl of great price, (Matt 13:45-46) which is now the gate
no temple – from Rev 21:3, now is the tabernacle of God is among men
no sun or moon – see Isaiah 60:19
the gates will never be closed – see Isaiah 60:11
the nations will bring their glory in – see Isaiah 60:11