Revelation 21

A New Heaven and a New Earth

Rev 21:1
A New Heaven and a new earth – described in the Book of Isaiah:

“For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;
And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.
But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create;
For behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing,
And her people a joy.
I will rejoice in Jerusalem,
And joy in My people;
The voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her,
Nor the voice of crying.
“No more shall an infant from there live but a few days,
Nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days;
For the child shall die one hundred years old,
But the sinner being one hundred years old shall be accursed.
..The wolf and the lamb shall feed together,
The lion shall eat straw like the ox.”

Isaiah 65:17-27

no longer sea – the meaning of “sea” from Rev 20:13, etc, is salvation. There is no longer a need for salvation.

Rev 21:2
the holy City, new Jerusalem – to be described in verses 10-27

Rev 21:3
a loud voice from the throne – the voice of the Archangel, the Spirit of Christ, who speaks for the invisible God in verse 5. See also Rev 19:5, 10.

the tabernacle of God is among men – this describes the dual nature of New Jerusalem, the holy City and the kingdom of God that began on earth. See also Rev 7:15.

Rev 21:4
He will wipe away every tear – see also Rev 7:17.

Rev 21:5
And He who sits on the throne – see also Rev 4:2, 5:1, the Spirit of Christ, again, appears as the image of the invisible God on the throne.

Write, for these words are faithful and true – the Spirit of Christ, speaking as the Archangel, again asks John to “write.” See Rev 19:9 “Write…these are the true words of God.”

Rev 21:6
It is done – also the words of the Archangel in Rev 16:17

I am the Alpha and the Omega – the Spirit of Christ begins to speak as the Word, (Isaiah 44:6), speaking as God, and promises the water of life, which we see in Rev 22:1

Rev 21:7
he who overcomes – just as Christ overcame, see Rev 3:21, we will also become a Son of God. Christ, the Male Child, was the firstborn from the dead

I will be His God – there is only one God, the Father (1 Cor 8:6; Eph 4:6)

he will be My Son – like Christ who became the first Son, when He resurrected (Acts 13:33)

Rev 21:8
cowardly – or timid, fearful. The sin of cowardice is mentioned here.

Rev 21:9
one of the Angels with the seven bowls of wrath – the description is the same as Rev 17:1. This time, we are certain the Angel is the Spirit of Christ, because He speaks as Christ in Rev 22:7. As mentioned in Rev 16:17, it should likely be the seventh Angel, whose bowl was poured on the air and sounded a loud voice saying “It is done.”

Come, here, and I will show you… – the Angel of God continues to guide John, now to see the Lord’s wife, the sanctified Church

Rev 21:10
carried me away in the Spirit – as in Rev 1:10, 4:2; Ezekiel 11:1 etc.

a high mountain – the Sanctified Church as a mountain, see Isaiah 2:2, Micah 4:1-2, etc.

the holy City – described in Rev 11:2, 12:1, and 14:20

Rev 21:11
having the glory of God – the Spirit of Christ as the body of Christ, see Isaiah 6:3, John 1:14

crystal clear Jasper – a red colour, and the clearness must signify the washing of the Church by the blood of Christ.

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Rev 21:12-13
twelve gates and twelve angels – these are the twelve stars in Rev 12:1. They have the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, see the eleven stars seen by Joseph in his dream of Genesis 37:9.

Rev 21:14
twelve foundation stones – the Church is built on the foundation of the Apostles, Eph 2:20

Rev 21:15
the one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod – this is our first clue that the Angel speaking with John is the Spirit of Christ. The measuring rod was first seen in Ezekiel 40:3, the man of bronze, (Christ, Daniel 10:6), who was called YHVH in Ezekiel 44:2 and 5, and set the measurements of the Church with the Gospel. See also Rev 11:1.

Rev 21:16
as a square – all sides are equal, there is neither male nor female, Greek nor Jew

fifteen hundred miles square – more than 3 times the size of Russia

Rev 21:17
seventy two yards thick – the walls of Ancient Babylon were 300 feet high, 25 feet thick with another wall 75 feet behind the first wall

Rev 21:18
jasper walls – see Rev 21:11, the first layer of the foundation is also jasper

Rev 21:19-20
precious stone – which are the good works of the saints, see 1 Cor 3:12. On these stones are the names of the Apostles, these are listed according to the shade of colour.

Rev 21:21
twelve pearls – the kingdom of heaven is called the pearl of great price, (Matt 13:45-46) which is now the gate

Rev 21:22
no temple – from Rev 21:3, now is the tabernacle of God is among men

Rev 21:23
no sun or moon – see Isaiah 60:19

Rev 21:25-26
the gates will never be closed – see Isaiah 60:11

Rev 21:26
the nations will bring their glory in – see Isaiah 60:11