The Ten Kings are Explained
I will tell you the mystery – the Angel introduces the mystery described in Daniel 12:9.
“was and is not” – as we described earlier, Jesus Christ established the true teachings of the Church during a literal period of three and a half years (42 months). The beast, or “antichrist,” meaning “substitute Christ,” is only a figurative person. He established false teachings over a period of 42 months, which are really 1278 years. In this sense, the beast “is not” a real person. However, he was represented through a real person, the person of the Bishop of Rome, from 193 AD to 1471 AD.
come up out of the abyss – the beast was described as coming from the sea in Rev 13:1, and here it is described as coming out of the abyss, the bottomless pit, see also Rev 9:2.
whose names have not been written in the book of life – see also Rev 13:8, these are those who place the teachings of the beast above Christ.
will wonder when they see the beast – see also Rev 13:3-4, the people of this world were amazed by the beast, who gained great power, and no one could make war with him.
here is the mind which has wisdom – the fear of God is the beginning of this wisdom (Prov 9:10). Those who practice the lawless deeds of the beast, cannot understand who the beast is. Those who fear God, and keep His commandments, will understand who the beast, “the lawless one,” is.
the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits – the woman who committed “fornication with the kings of the earth” gained her power by sitting on top of worldly power, the kingdoms of this world who were against the saints.
and they are seven kings – the earliest manuscripts support the translation “they are seven kings.” Later manuscripts, like that used to translate the King James version, have the reading “there are seven kings.” The King James Version led us to believe that the seven mountains were the seven hills of Rome. However, this is not correct. There may be a comparison to the seven hills of Rome, but the mountains are seven kings, which we shall describe.
five have fallen – from John’s time, looking backwards, there were five kingdoms against the saints: Greece (the leopard), Persia (the bear), Babylon (the lion), Assyria and Egypt.
one is – Rome (the dragon).
the other is yet to come – which is described in verse 12, “ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom” – the seventh kingdom is the conglomeration of these ten kings.
he must remain a little while – described in verse 12 as “one hour.”
the beast is also…eighth – the Greek lacks the definite article “the” eighth because the kingdom of the beast was not consecutive to, but concurrent with the seventh kingdom, as described in verse 17.
and is one of the seven – the number of the beast, as we mentioned in Rev 13:18, is the Latin (Lateinos), “the people of the ruler to come.” This representative of the beast was the Bishop of Rome.
he goes to destruction – the figurative beast, “who was and is not” will be thrown into the lake of fire in Rev 19:20.
the ten horns – these were described and discussed at Daniel 7:24, as coming out of the sixth kingdom (Rome). These are the Ten Europeans states that came out of the fallen Rome. These Ten States were first listed by John Napier (who discovered logarithms) as Spain, France, Lombardy, England, Scotland, Denmark, Sweden, Hungary, Italy, and the exarchate of Ravenna. Isaac Newton (who proposed the law of gravity), listed the names of the Ten States that immediately came out from the Empire. Other interpreters have listed the names of the states according to differing time periods; European peoples with slightly different boundaries.
John Napier’s view is likely more accurate, as these must be the states that continue until the kingdom of God is re-established, see Daniel 2:44.
But perhaps the strongest representation was made by Machiavelli, who listed the Ten States with no view of explaining this prophecy. We discussed his listing at Daniel 7:7.
as kings with the beast – the Apostle John’s description of the religious/political relationship of the Beast (the Pope) with the Ten European states is astounding.
for one hour – the temporal nature of the reign of the false Christ, is compared with the eternal reign of Christ. This can also be explained as “one hour” of the human clock. approximately 500 years of the reign of these ten kings with the beast (see also the commentary of Revelation 8:1 and 14:7). Spain was the last of the ten kings, which overcame Muslim forces in the battle of Toledo in 1085 AD.
We might think of the “Holy Roman Empire” which began by King Charlemagne, crowned by Pope Leo III, in 800 AD. But this would be a very incomplete picture of the Pope’s power. Beyond the Holy Roman Empire, the Pope had tremendous power over the Latin states of France and Spain, and the remainder of Europe.
Holy Roman Empiire, author: ru:Участник:Jaspe
The interest of the Pope was primarily religious, and the cooperation of the Church with the state on religious matter was pervasive. The saints were given into the hands of the Beast. In our commentary of Revelation 13, we saw the cooperation of the Church and State, to enforce capital punishment of those who did not embrace the Trinity doctrine, and fines against those who rested on the Sabbath day. In our commentary of Daniel 12 we saw the combined effort of the State and Church to hunt down and murder the Bohemian Protestants. These are only a few examples of the Beast that persecuted the saints.
these have one purpose – better translated as “these have one mind [γνώμην]” (NKJV) meaning they have one mind to give their authority to the beast
they will wage war against the Lamb – as described in Chapter 11, against the saints.
He is King of Kings, and Lord of Lords – this title was first given to Nebuchadnezzar, the beast in Daniel 2:37. Now it is given to Christ. Finally, it will be given to God at Christ’s appearing, as described in 1 Tim 6:14-15; compare to Titus 2:13. The “rule of Christ” has begun, and the 1,000 year rule of the Martyrs with Christ.
the waters which you saw…are nations… – see verse 1.
these will hate the harlot – this is really the climax of the passage, the judgment of the Great Harlot by the European states who turned against the power of the Pope in the Reformation. But Daniel told us the beast would “subdue three kings” (Dan 7:24); these are the Latin states of Italy, France and Spain.
God has put it in their hearts – see 2 Thess 2:11, “God will send them a strong delusion.”
The Woman whom you saw is the Great City – the great City is the kingdom of the beast, the false “kingdom of heaven” comprised of those who submit to the teachings of the beast.