The Sanctified Church and the Elect of Israel
Here, in Chapter 14, we again meet the 144,000, where they remove the lawlessness from the kingdom of heaven. At the end of the Chapter, the Rider on the White Horse tramples the lawlessness from Christ’s kingdom, “the great winepress” that is described in Revelation 19:15, and Revelation 14:20. This was the work of the 144,000 described in verses 1-5.
The Rider on the White Horse, and the 144,000, are two different descriptions of the Sanctified Church of the end days.
In Chapter 7, we saw that the “144,000” as the twelve tribes of “New Jerusalem” described in Ezekiel 48; the City called “THE LORD IS THERE,” (Ezekiel 48:35). This is the “New Jerusalem,” that has the presence of the Spirit of God, the Spirit of truth. In Chapter 7, the 144,000 were “sealed by the Holy Spirit,” (Revelation 7:3, Ephesians 1:13).
The 144,000 are “the bond-servants of God” (Revelation 7:3), all the elect of God, who do His work in the last days.
The close relationship between Israel, and the end time sanctified Church is emphasized by “the 144,000.”
Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the Gentiles until the until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. Luke 21:24
In Romans 11:25, Paul said: “a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.” There are two events that coincide in the end times: the salvation of Israel, and restoration of the Sanctified Church. The Jewish people within the Sanctified Church, become an “exceedingly great army” (Ezekiel 37:10).
His name on their foreheads – they are sealed as belonging to Him, by the Spirit of Adoption, see Rev 7:2, Eph 1:13; Rom 8:15. This is the name of Jesus, the name of the body of Christ, the name of the temple of God, the sanctified Church, as described in Rev 3:12, see additional commentary there.
a voice from heaven like the sound of many waters – this is the sound of end-time Sanctified Church, that we see in Revelation 19:6; and Ezekiel 43:2-7. Regarding the meaning of the 144,000 as Israel, we can consider Ezekiel 43:7: “And the house of Israel will not again defile My holy name.”
like the sound of thunder…like the sound of harpists – the sound of the Holy Spirit of God providing a diversity of tongues; the harps we see in Rev 15:2 – which Paul compares to speaking in tongues in 1 Cor 14:7, and the sound of thunder, that speaks “Hallelujah! in Rev 19:6.
they sang a new song – they are like the those who bring out things old and new (Matt 13:52); the Israelites now sing the Song of the Lamb, as well as the Song of Moses, as described in Revelation 15:3. They have become the chosen people of two covenants.
and no one could learn – this is a spiritual song, they are singing with the Spirit, it is the “the song of the lamb,”as described in 1 Corinthians 14:15.
not defiled by women – not defiled by the Great Harlot (Rev 17), they are pure and do not accept corrupt doctrines. The 144,000 are the Sanctified Church, the spotless bride of Christ.
They follow the Lamb wherever He goes – they only follow the teachings and example of Jesus Christ.
as first fruits to God – Jesus said: “the last will be first, and the first last” (Matt 20:16). Israel as last, are also the firstfruits to God.
no lie – they will only follow the truth.