The Last Trumpet
the second woe is past – we have returned to the seven trumpets, after an interlude that began in Revelation 10:1. The second woe, the sixth trumpet, has passed. We have arrived at the final woe, which is flaming fire from heaven; and the judgment of mankind when Christ returns.
the seventh angel sounded – “the last trumpet” see 1 Cor 15:52.
there were loud voices in heaven – shouts of joy from those who had resurrected
the kingdom of this world has become the kingdom of our LORD and His Christ – here John calls God “the LORD” again, for we have returned to the LORD’s Day, and Jesus Christ is no longer our Lord, but as prophesied in Zechariah 14:9: “it shall be the LORD one.” See also Daniel 7:14,27; 1 Corinthians 15:23-28.
who were and who are – in Revelation 1:4,8; and 4:8, the similar salutations say: “who is, who was and who is to come.” This passage emphasizes that God has become “the Last Lord” – for “who is to come” has been dropped: “You have taken Your great power and You have begun to reign.”
the time for the dead to be judged – the third woe
And the temple of God…was opened – see also Rev 7:15; 21:3
peals of thunder – see Rev 19:6.
and an earthquake and a great hailstorm – described under the seventh bowl of wrath, in Rev 16:17-20